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Rajasthan is India's largest state of the area calculation, which is located northwest of the country. This state is surrounded by western Pakistan, Madhya Pradesh, southeast, southwest on RajasthanGujarat, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh in the north-east, north and Punjab. In the Rajasthan capital Jaipur, the Pink City, as a universal known. And natural beauty, a great history, splendid forts and palaces, colorful festivals and fairs, lively culture, varied landscape and thick forest gifted, Rajasthan will never disappoint you. Mythic brave, romantic, or from its equally amazing architecture, and always will tell the story of an old era resonate. The magic of Rajasthan is unparalleled in the world heritage, culture, hunting, sand dunes and lush green forests, wildlife. Rajasthan is often stated as a huge open-air historical objects preserved for visitors and curious day for the museum.
It is packed with outdoors too much action, take on the hunting horse, camels, elephants or even jeeps with Aravalis - Against the backdrop of India's oldest mountain or touch the sand dunes of the sloppiness, or track a tiger, or your eyes wetland bird watching. You can also choose to indulge in its luxurious heritage properties. Rajasthan has something for everyone, just choose your activity.
An area of 343,000 square kilometers of the country. The Aravali mountain range, the world's one of the oldest mountain range, running from southwest master Peak (Mt Abu), which is 1722 meters high in the northeast khetri throughout the state. It is divided into 60% of the northwest and southeast lines and 40% of the state. Sandy and arid northwest is less water, but gradually increase the land from the desert, far east, west and northwest to more fertile, habitable land. Northwest China is located in the Thar Desert.
South-east is more fertile than the Northwest Territories. Southwest has a very diverse landscape. In the south, lies the Mewar hills area. In the south-east of Kota Bondi form large terraces, and the northeast of these districts is a rugged region (wasteland) line after the Chambal River. Further north of the country level; in the Northeast of the Bharatpur Plain is the Yamuna River as part of the alluvial basin.
Rajasthan in the Aravali outlines the most important sector. The Chambal River, which is unique in the country and permanent large rivers drain this area stems from its eastern and north-east flow. Its main tributary, the Banas, an increase of nearly kumbhalgarh Aravali and the collection of all the Mewar plateau drainage. Further north, dry in the state increase, rising near Jaipur, the flow of the East wards before disappearing. The Looney is the only significant river west of the Aravali. It rises in the Pushkar valley of Ajmer and flows 320 km west-southwest into the Rann of Kachchh. Northeast of the Luni basin, in the Shekhawati territory, is an area of internal drainage characterized by salt laKnow About Rajasthan, Maharani ki Chhatrikes, the largest of which is Sambhar Salt Lake.
In the vast northern plains Chassi over Jaisalmer, Barmer, Dzhalol, Sirohi, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Ganga Nagar, jhunjhunu, Sikar, Pali, and Nagel Seoul, extending the area of soil, mainly saline. Water is limited, but in the 30-61 m depth of soil and sand found in the calcium (chalk). Nitrate in the soil to increase fertility, and, as in Indira Gandhi (former Rajasthan) Canal, cultivation where possible, is often shown to provide adequate water supply.
The central region of Rajasthan Ajmer on sandy soil; clay content of the three and nine percent different. In Jaipur and Alba in the east, the soil varies with sandy loam sandy loam. In Kota, Bandi and jhalawar territory, they are generally black, dark, good drainage. In Udaipur, Chittaurgarh, Dungarpur, Banswara and Bhilwara districts of the eastern region in red and black mixed and western regions of red, yellow soil.
Languages of Rajasthan
Rajasthan language, namely Marwar, Dhundhari, Mewari, Mewati and Hadauti five primary dialects. This is from the Apabhramsa, language and spelling of all its features. Literary language of Rajasthan suffered huge setbacks in the United Kingdom. Today, hundreds of poets and writers writing Rajasthan. Rajasthan is rich and varied folklore, including songs, stories, proverbs, riddles and folk plays generally khyals know.
According to the 2001 survey has a 56.5 million population of Rajasthan. Rajasthan has a large indigenous populace Minas (Minawati) in Alwar, Jaipur, Bharatpur, and Dholpur areas. The Meo and the Banjara are travelling tradesmen and artisans. The Gadia Lohar is the Lohar meaning ironsmith who travels on Gadia meaning bullock carts; they usually manufacture and repair agricultural and household equipment.
Oswals from Osiyan hail near Jodhpur are successful businessmen, is mainly Jains. While the Mahajan (transaction type), is a large segment of these organizations, some of Jainism, while others are Hindu. In the north and west, B and old plus are the largest agricultural communities. Hindu Gujars who live in the eastern part of Rajasthan.
Nomadic Rabari or Raika are divided into 2 groups Marus who breeds camels and Chalkias who breeds sheep and goats. Muslims form less than 10% of the population, most of them Sunnis. There is also a small but affluent community Shiaite known Muslims in the south-east Rajasthan Bhoras. Although the Rajputs only a small portion of people in Rajasthan who is the most influential part. They are proud of their martial reputation and of their ancestors.
The Bhils is one of India's most ancient peoples, living in Bhilwara, Chittaurgarh, Dungarpur, Banswara, Udaipur, and Sirohi district, famous for their archery skills. The Grasia and nomads living in the Mewar region Kathodi. Sahariyas was found in the Kota district, and the Marwar region are cattle who Rabaris.
Rajasthan Climate change greatly throughout the country. Climate in Rajasthan can be divided into four seasons: Summers, Monsoon, Post-monsoon and winter ..
A summer to extend from April to June, is the hottest season, ranging from 32 degrees to 45 degrees Celsius in the western state of Rajasthan the temperature may rise to 48 degrees Celsius, especially in May and June. At this time, Rajasthan's only hill station, Mt Abu registers the lowest temperature. In the desert, nighttime temperatures drop. Prevailing winds are from the west, and sometimes carry dust storms (we call aandhi).
The second extension of the monsoon season, July to September, temperatures drop, but humidity increases, even in the temperature (35 ° C to 40 ° C slightly decreased). 90% of the rainfall occurs during this period.
Post monsoon period from October to November. The average maximum temperature of 33 degrees Celsius to 38 degrees Celsius, minimum 18 degrees Celsius, 20 degrees is C.
The fourth season is winter or cold season from December to March. There is a maximum and minimum temperature in the country's regional differences and the obvious differences. January is the coolest month of the year. The temperature may drop to 0 degrees Celsius, in some cities, such as long state. Slight precipitation in the north and northeastern regions of the country, light wind, mainly from the north and northeast. At this point, relative humidity ranged from 50 to 60 percent in the morning, 25% to 35% of the afternoon.